In this privacy screen of Red-cedar (Juniperus virginiana) trees, the Red-cedars are essentially the only established native species. Underneath them in the shade, the ground is mostly barren, and in the sun, invasive cool-season grasses dominate. Ideally, the sunny spots between the Red-cedars should be filled with native forbs and grasses characteristic of dry prairies. Hardwoods, particularly Oaks, can also be interspersed with the Red-cedars, and shrubs like Fragrant Sumac should also be present in the understory.

Ecosystem Model: Cedar Glade



  • Prune Red-cedar branches without needles to create room for plantings [Completed 02.10.23]
  • Remove ornamental Catalpa trees to make room for Oak [Completed 02.11.23]
  • Create a habitat pile from the Catalpa logs [Completed 02.11.23]
  • Start plugs of the following species: Side-Oats Grama, Poverty Oat Grass, Eastern Prickly Pear, Prairie Dropseed, Upland White Goldenrod, June Grass, Illinois Tick Trefoil, Little Bluestem, Big Bluestem [Completed 02.14.23]
  • Flag tree/shrub locations [Completed 02.21.23]
  • Use pruned branches to make mulch [Completed 03.05.23]
  • Start plugs of the following species (late): Lead Plant


  • Plant hardwoods (3), Chokecherries (2), sun-tolerant shrubs (7), and shade-tolerant shrubs (15) [Completed 03.06.23]
  • Cardboard and mulch areas for the forbs and grasses
  • Plant plugs